|Theorist||Name of theory||How does it relate to what we do?|
|Skinner||Behaviorism||This theory states that it should reward or reprimand according to the behavior done. So, if in a classroom, a student answers correctly or behaving in an appropriate manner should be rewarded with a compliment, or something material, such as candy or a small star on the forehead. It depends on the age. On the other hand, if the student behaves in a wrong way, he must know that what he’s doing is wrong.|
|Bandura||Social learning theory||As I understand, this theory says that people especially children act the way others act. They behave in the same way. Children learn and behave according to what they see and hear. For example, if the teacher mocks a student for any errors that he did, the other classmates also mock him. If the teacher slams the door, your students will do too. However, not everything is negative, if the teacher has a good behavior and transmits them, students will feel influenced to do the same.|
|Erikson||Stages of development||This theory suggests that human development occurs in eight stages, in each one it learns something different, also face different challenges and have different goals at each stage. The question is, if a person does not progress successfully from one stage to the next, they might have problems relating with people in the future. What do you think does this affect classroom behavior? I think it’s a problem not progress from one stage to another, it’s like getting stuck and this causes problems in emotions of people. Not learn, leads to no further development. In this case, definitely affect the behavior and mood of one of my students, because he might feel in disadvantaged, frustrated or with anxiety. For instance, that he can not do some things that his classmates already do or they already behave maturely, and he not.|
|Vygotsky||Social cognitive development||This theory is based in that human development occurs naturally through interacting socially and with the environment. All learn, either through their own curiosity and risk or with someone’s help, but in a classroom, all need the teacher support to develop skills and learn new things. As a teacher you should know that some students learn faster than others or that not everyone has the same abilities so you should put more attention to those students. It is important for the teacher motivate students through a classroom with a pleasant, calm and safe atmosphere and, through simple activities that are not complicate for them.|
|Krashen||Theory of second language acquisition||Stephen Krashen theorized six hypotheses of language acquisition:
Acquisition involves the subconscious acceptance of knowledge when information is stored in the brain through the use of communication. Learning, on the other hand, is the conscious acceptance of knowledge ‘about’ a language. Krashen states that the monitor is controlled by the learning system and is used to correct errors in the utterance. The Natural Order hypothesis suggests that parts of language are learned in a certain sequence that cannot be altered through deliberate teaching. The theory that language acquisition occurs when learners receive messages they understand, known as comprehensible input, is referred to as the Input hypothesis. Different variables such as anxiety, self-confidence, motivation, and stress can all impact the affective filter. The concept that reading in the SL will help build vocabulary and grammar knowledge is known as the Reading hypothesis.
|Bruner||Constructivism Discovery learning||I think constructivism is that you understand the aim of learning and teaching. The teach forms must change, because with so much technology there are now, the forms of teach of teachers are boring for students. Teachers have an obligation to teach well and try to help students learn. Get your students excited about learning, invite them to strive and fulfill their goals, and encourage them. Meanwhile, students must learn the importance of studying, understand what it means to be a good student, enjoy studying, take the challenge and, strive to be better every day. We should try to make a meaningful learning.